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harkov_400Kharkov is one of Ukraine's regional centers, a giant of the national industry, an educational and cultural centre, and the biggest transport node in Ukraine. Kharkov is the second largest city in Ukraine with close to 1.5 million people.

The city is situated in the northeastern part of Ukraine, on the border of two landscape belts - there is a forested area and a steppe near the junction of the Lopan and the Udy rivers that flows into the Seversky Donets.

The city has a slightly rolling plane with riverbeds, clefts and valleys. The city rest on five hills and has five valleys. Its height above sea level varies from 90 and 192 m.

Kharkov is located far away from the ocean, however the sea air is often present when there a westerly or south westerly breeze. This makes the climate moderate continental, with a long but not so severe winter. The summers are very warm and even hot sometimes.



According to the Kharkov meteorological service data collected over many years:

the average yearly t° is 6.9°C;

the coldest months are January (-7.1°C) and February (-6.7°C);

the hottest months are July (20.5°C) and August (19.4°C);

the yearly average month t° variation is 27.6°C;

the average yearly precipitation level - 522 mm;

the highest precipitation level is in June (69 mm);

the lowest level is in February (22 mm);

the number of days with precipitation - 146;

the maximum of days with precipitation is in December and January (16); the minimum is in September

Cultural Life:


Kharkov has always been famous for its outstanding figures of education and culture. Poets, playwrights, artists and actors from Kharkov all made a considerable contribution to the development of culture and progressive ideas. The freethinking of the nation is manifested in the works of educator, philosopher and poet Grigory Skovoroda; whose book "Kharkov Fables" has become part of Ukrainian literary heritage. In the middle of XVIII century he worked as a lecturer in the Kharkov Collegiums; he often used to visit Babayi, Gusinka and other places in the Kharkov region. Grigory Skovoroda died in the village of Pan-Ivanovka, in the Slobozhan region and was buried there. In 1926 at the request of the residents the village was renamed Scovorodinovka; at present there is a museum of the prominent Ukrainian poet and forward thinker. Skovorodinovka became the pilgrimage site for all those who were concerned about the history and culture of the Ukraine. In the village of Kruchik a well-known public figure and scientist V. N. Karazin was born. He was referred to by contemporaries as a Ukrainian Lomonosov. It can be safely stated that he carried on Skovoroda's education work in the then Malorussia region. It must be admitted though that Karazin's activities were not viewed positively by everyone. He had antagonists and even strong opponents. Thus the courage of this singular man deserves even higher  praise. As he once said: "I am not afraid to look ridiculous as I strife to have time to be useful". Kharkov University became the cradle of not only the national science, but of the national culture also. Here were engaged in studies and work the Ukrainian composer N. V. Lysenko, the artist G. I. Semiradsky. Among the professors of the University were the founder of the national  Slavonic studies. I. Sreznevsky, philologist A. P. Potebnya, historians D. I. Bagaliy whose great achievement was a fundamental study of the eventful history of the Slobozhan region, and D.I.Yavornitsky, known for an indepth study of the Zaporozh Cossacks. Ukrainian writer P. P. Gulak-Artemovsky headed the University in the first half of the XIX century. Kharkov is the birthplace of the classic Ukrainian writer Gregory Kvitka-Osnovyanenko. He spent many years helping to develop the drama theatre. He wrote here his best works, his comedies "Marriage Proposal in Goncharovka" and "Shelmenko-the-Batman" entered the repertory of not only the Ukraine but also many foreign theatres. The young actors took on the traditions of the stage magicians M. S. Shchepkin, M. K. Zankovetskaya, N. K. Sadovsky, P. P. Saksagansky, who were engaged in Kharkov theatres.

The truth is that Kharkov is not much of a tourist city and therefore can not compete with such leaders of world tourism as Venice, Rome or Saint Petersburg (although in some sense Kharkov in the Ukraine is like Saint Petersburg is to Russia). Kharkov is the largest scientific, industrial and trade center of Ukraine. At the same time all guests and visitors who come to our city on business trips say that they like it here. They admit that the city has beautiful parks, squares and gardens and that it has a lot of greenery. Moreover, it turns out that there are sights worth looking at in Kharkov. And in general we have enough sightseeing opportunities for everyone.

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